How Were Citizens Treated In Athens?

What race were Greek slaves?

There were the Helots in Ancient Sparta and of course the Athenians had their own version of slavery.

I was under the impression that slaves in Ancient Greece were typically of Greek ethnic origin, that is to say, Greek aristocrats owning Greek slaves (perhaps from the same city-state or another Greek city-state)..

How were non citizens treated in Athens?

The representatives from Athens and Sparta will now describe their treatment of non-citizens, specifically women and slaves. … That includes acquiring and training household servants, preparing meals, and sometimes nursing sick slaves.

What was the role of slaves in Athens?

In ancient Athens, slaves could be found everywhere. They worked as domestic servers, factory workers, shopkeepers, mineworkers, farm workers, and ship crew members. The slaves in ancient Athens could not go to the Gymnasium or the Public Assembly.

What are good things about Athens?

Athens was the largest and most influential of the Greek city-states. It had many fine buildings and was named after Athena, the goddess of wisdom and warfare. The Athenians invented democracy, a new type of government where every citizen could vote on important issues, such as whether or not to declare war.

How were slaves treated in Athens?

The Populace of Athens – Slaves. Slaves were the lowest class in Athenian society, but according to many contemporary accounts they were far less harshly treated than in most other Greek cities. Indeed, one of the criticisms of Athens was that its slaves and freemen were difficult to tell apart.

What were Athenian values?

Athens Values While Spartans valued military strength, Athenians placed a higher value on education and culture. Their main goal was building a democracy. Athenians believed that the only way to build a strong democracy was to create well informed citizens. Boys were educated.

How did Athens become a democracy?

Greek democracy created at Athens was direct, rather than representative: any adult male citizen over the age of 20 could take part, and it was a duty to do so. The officials of the democracy were in part elected by the Assembly and in large part chosen by lottery in a process called sortition.

Did slaves build the Acropolis?

Yes, it is likely that slaves served as most or even all of the labor force for the Parthenon, given that the Athenian government owned many slaves…

How were slaves treated in Greece?

Slaves in ancient Greece were treated like pieces of property. For Aristotle they were ‘a piece of property that breathes’. They enjoyed different degrees of freedom and were treated kindly or cruelly depending on the personality of the owner.

What happens to an Athenian citizen if he is Ostracised?

Ostracism was a political process used in 5th-century BCE Athens whereby those individuals considered too powerful or dangerous to the city were exiled for 10 years by popular vote.

How did Athens fall?

In 338 BC the armies of Philip II defeated Athens at the Battle of Chaeronea, effectively limiting Athenian independence.

Who would be considered a citizen in ancient Athens?

Not everyone in Athens was considered a citizen. Only free, adult men enjoyed the rights and responsibility of citizenship. Only about 20 percent of the population of Athens were citizens. Women were not citizens and therefore could not vote or have any say in the political process.

What percentage of Athens were slaves?

40 percentHistorians aren’t sure exactly how many slaves the Greeks owned, but they usually estimate that between 30 and 40 percent of the population were slaves. Even the poorest families owned at least one slave with some wealthy families owning hundreds.

How did Athens get slaves?

Slavery was common in antiquity, and the Athenians used thousands of slaves in their private homes, factories, and mines, and also as civil servants. Slaves were usually captured in war and came from all over the Mediterranean, including other Greek cities.

What were slaves called in Greece?

In Homer, Hesiod and Theognis of Megara, the slave was called δμώς (dmōs). The term has a general meaning but refers particularly to war prisoners taken as booty (in other words, property).

What does ostracism mean in Greek?

Ostracism (Greek: ὀστρακισμός, ostrakismos) was a procedure under Athenian democracy in which any citizen could be expelled from the city-state of Athens for ten years. While some instances clearly expressed popular anger at the citizen, ostracism was often used preemptively.

Did ostracism make Athens democratic?

They voted people into office and had regular procedures for voting one person per year out of office. Did ostracism make Athens more or less democratic? … They made them more democratic because they got in the office.

What did democracy really mean in Athens?

Athens in the 5th to 4th century BCE had an extraordinary system of government: democracy. Under this system, all male citizens had equal political rights, freedom of speech, and the opportunity to participate directly in the political arena.

What was a citizen in Athens?

To be classed as a citizen in fifth-century Athens you had to be male, born from two Athenian parents and over eighteen years old, and complete your military service. Women, slaves, metics and children were not allowed to become citizens.

How did ostracism work in Athens?

In ancient Athens, ostracism was the process by which any citizen, including political leaders, could be expelled from the city-state for 10 years. Once a year, ancient Athenian citizens would nominate people they felt threatened democracy—because of political differences, dishonesty, or just general dislike.

What were some benefits of being a citizen of Athens?

Citizenship was not dependent on wealth, influence or occupation. All Athenian citizens had the right to vote in the Assembly, debate, own land and own slaves. All Athenian citizens were expected to have military training, be educated, pay their taxes and serve Athens in times of war.